Did you install your phrases? Does the phrase table exist?
I think if I remember correct I reinstalled the phrases or ran the last couple upgrades just to cover if you missed anything.
Maybe your server is having an issue with something on install endemic to your mysql version maybe just a guess. I have done a brand new install within the last few weeks and had no issues.
The query error your posting has to do with trying to grab your phrases to display the admin options.